How well will you and your loved ones do in an earthquake, tornado or other disaster where power, heat, cooking facilities and other necessary services are lost? Prepping for unplanned events by creating home earthquake preparedness kits, survival backpacks, and 72 hour survival kits for each family member will give you the opportunity to deal with shock and get your thoughts together immediately after a disaster.
The most basic emergency preparedness plans should include a 72 hour survival kit containing the most important items necessary for survival. Store them somewhere readily available and accessible at a moment’s notice. Prepare individual emergency survival kits for each family member including your pets. Designate a closet or a section of the garage or basement for general survival supplies pertaining to the house. Even if you don’t plan to leave your home, or are unable to do so, taking steps toward emergency preparedness could save your life.
Critical items needed in emergency survival kits are food, water, sanitary supplies and medicines. Include items unique to each person’s needs in their bug out backpack. For instance, diapers and wipes, for an infant; hearing aids and dentures for an elderly person; a special toy or book for kids; medications, eye glasses and any personal care products necessary for each person’s survival backpack.
Household emergency preparedness kits should inlcude like tents, portable toilet facilities, tools and bulk water storage. Examine the following suggestions for ideas to help create earthquake emergency kits or general 72 hour survival kits.
Packing Individual Disaster Survival Kits
The individual emergency preparedness kits should be packed in a backpack if possible, for those who can carry one. Be decisive when packing including only the most important disaster survival items for each family member. Keep sizes of toiletries small and pack in resealable plastic baggies. To each disaster survival kit add the following personal items.
• Hat and gloves
• Socks and underwear
• Full change of clothes and shoes
• Sweatshirt or sweater
• Rain poncho
• Hair brush
• Bug spray and sunscreen available in individual packets
• Camping towel and soap
• Zip baggies in two sizes
• A roll of toilet paper with the cardboard inner roll removed
• Baggie with bandaids, cotton swabs and a tube of first aid ointment
• Personal care items unique to each individual such as extra eye glasses, prescriptions, medications, passport or other form of ID.
Additional necessary items to pack in individual earthquake emergency kits
• Pen and small note pad
• Money in small bills and change
• Travel-sized flashlight
• Length of nylon rope
• Safety pins
• Wind-proof matches
• Hand and foot warmers
• Emergency blanket
• Multi tool with a knife
• Travel sized roll of duct tape
• Water bottle with water purification tablets
• High calorie, emergency food bars that will last for at least 3-5 days
One family member’s pack should be stocked with a camping saw, a collapsible shovel, several flares and a traveling first aid kit. Each person needs a sleeping bag. Keep your survival backpack in the car or in a covered area where you park for easy accessibility.
Quick Car Get-away Emergency Survival Kits
Pack emergency disaster kits so they can easily be tossed in the car for a quick get-away. When storing items in general household survival kits, do so in plastic containers; and make a test run by placing them in the trunk of the car beforehand to be sure they fit.
Include the following items in a pre-packed box that you can throw in the car if a quick escape is necessary.
• 3 gallons of water for each person or pet
• 3 days food per person (6,000 calorie food bars are best)
• Plastic utensils, paper plates (washing uses precious water stores)
• Hand-held can opener
• Sharp knife and small cutting board
• Foil or plastic wrap
• Zipper baggies
• Garbage bags
• Dust masks
• Protective eye gear
• Dish soap
• Towlettes, hand sanitizer
• Chlorine bleach
• Pet foods, bowls and medications
Remember to also add emergency communications and lighting supplies to an earthquake disaster kit for the car.
• Emergency, hand-crank radio not needing batteries
• Whistle for each person
• Hand-held two way radios, extra batteries
• Flashlights for each person and extra batteries
• Camping lantern with florescent bulbs.
General Disaster Supplies and Earthquake Emergency Kits for the House
Keep extra family supplies at the house in addition to the bug out backpack emergency kits. Store extra water where it won’t freeze, in 55 gallon drums or in glass juice bottles or other long term containers. Preserve water with household bleach, 16 drops (1/4 tsp.) to each gallon. Store beans, rice, grains and other storable emergency preparedness foods in sealed plastic 5 gallon containers. Emergency food storage will last longer if kept at room temperature or cooler.
• If there’s a fireplace in the house, keep extra wood stored with kindling in the event of an earthquake or other natural disaster.
• Matches, kindling, candles, extra flashlights and batteries
• Keep a full sized first aid kit and booklet, homeopathic remedies, herbal treatments and other natural medicines easily accessible for family members. Remember extra sleeping bags or blankets and a camping mat as part of overall emergency preparedness kits.
Prepping ahead of time for emergency disaster preparedness helps provide a degree of calm in the event of any emergency, which is reassuring when the world seems to turn upside down.
(Photo credit: lil 1/2 pint)
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